Spain is winning full points on the international markets with its stone fruit production.
In the year 2000, Italy exported almost 400 thousand tonnes of fruit compared to 300 thousand from Spain. In 2005, Spain reached the Italian sales figures, standing in the same range. From this year onwards, the evolution of Spanish export figures has been constant, at the same time as the Italian exports have plummeted and dropped to 300 thousand kilos in 2013.
Since 2014, Spain has passed the milestone of 800 thousand tonnes of fruit sold outside its borders and it continues to uphold this privileged position. In the production order, 2016 meant the consolidation of its leadership (1,382,400 tonnes) compared to its most direct “quantitative competitor,” Italy, which had a harvest of 1,262,130 tonnes.
The successful variety conversion, new plantations coming into production and the success of the flat peach are some of the parameters that have gradually been pushing Spain to become the absolute leader in the sector. Nonetheless, all that shines is not gold, since the sector has been, and continues to be, subjected to great pressure on prices, caused not only by the imbalances that occurred in the price setting chain (and where the producers are the ones who suffer most), but also by their fragmented structure or by the coercion exercised by certain chains in the battle to offer the cheapest price.