The first estimates made by the WAPA (World Apple and Pear Association) for apple production in the Southern Hemisphere indicate a 6% increase.
This increase is occurring due to contributions from countries such as Brazil and Australia, which are climbing by 20% and 23% respectively. South Africa is also on the rise, but by a lower proportion of 6%.
Chilean production continues to lead the ranking in this hemisphere, with a total of 1.5 million tonnes, but this is remaining stable. The important rainfall and hail that lashed the central region of the country wreaked havoc with the earliest harvests in the Maule region. Nonetheless, apples have been one of the fruit least affected by these adverse weather conditions.
The Argentinean production is marked by stabilisation, whilst in New Zealand it has dropped by 5%.
In 2021, Chile continues to hold the first place as the largest apple producer in the Southern Hemisphere, with 1,512 million tonnes; Brazil holds the second place (1,130 million tonnes), followed by South Africa (1,013 million tonnes), Argentina (617 million tonnes), New Zealand (547 million tonnes) and Australia (271 million tonnes).
By varieties, Gala is still the main variety (39%), followed by Fuji (14%) and Red Delicious (13%).
It is estimated that the export figures have stabilised at 1,691,562 tonnes, with volumes that have virtually stayed the same for Chile (650,773 tonnes); a 4% increase for South Africa (476,000 tonnes) and a drop of 7% for New Zealand (372,000 tonnes).
Regarding pears, producers in the Southern Hemisphere forecast a stabilisation of the harvest at 1,346,000 tonnes and a 2% increase with respect to the general average for the years 2018-2020. It is expected that the increase in South Africa, Australia and Argentina of 3%, 2% and 1%, respectively, will compensate the drop in Chile (3%) and New Zealand (10%).
As in previous years, Packham’s Triumph and Williams BC / Bartlett are the main varieties, with 36% and 28% respectively. The export forecasts are estimated to rise by 6% compared to the previous year and will reach 708,690 tonnes, with a 12% increase for Argentina (373,996 tonnes), a 2% increase for South Africa (214,361 tonnes) and a 3% drop for Chile (108,315 tonnes).
WAPA was founded in August, 2001, aimed at being the global discussion forum for topics of interest in the apple and pear business and for initiating recommendations and actions to strengthen the sector.
Philippe Binard, General Secretary of the WAPA, commented on the usefulness of compiling the knowhow from each country: “The preparation of joint data has shown to be a valuable exercise for the global apple and pear industry and a reliable source of information when the season changes progressively from the Northern to the Southern Hemispheres.”
The following countries are members of WAPA: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Belgium, Brazil, Chile, China, Croatia, France, Germany, Italia, Moldavia, Netherlands, New Zealand, Poland, Scandinavia, Serbia, Slovenia, South Africa, United Kingdom and USA.
The WAPA forecast report was prepared with the support of ASOEX (Chile), CAFI (Argentina), ABPM (Brazil), Hortgro (South Africa), APAL (Australia) and New Zealand Apples and Pears, therefore it provides consolidated data from the six main countries in the Southern Hemisphere.