Stephane Buffat, manager and co-founder of the innovative company, talks to us about its latest varieties and about its strengths in the stone fruit sector
PSB Producción Vegetal S.L. carries out two main activities, which are also complementary. That of a hybridizer, obtaining and distributing its own varieties all over the world. And that of producer and exporter with 35 hectares of production. The company sends nectarines, peaches, flat peaches, two-tone apricots and red apricots all over Europe.
The company’s activity as a producer gives it a global view of the market, of the needs of the end consumer, of the complexity and problems of the production and of the quality specifications required of the fruit during the packaging process.
All this information allows the group to make a better selection and get closer to the tastes of the end consumers, of the producers and of the exporters to have a product that is adapted to the present and, above all, to the future of the food chains.
When looking for new ranges of stone fruit, PSB works on three fundamental parameters. The organoleptic quality, with fruit that has aroma and a suitable sugar rate. The second parameter is tolerance to disease. PSB already has some nectarine varieties with tolerance to Monilinia Fructicola.
“We have a very important line of research in the tolerance to Plum Pox Virus in apricots. This disease seriously affects the quality of the fruit and subsequently, the production of apricots and some areas are significantly affected. We are working with a complete range of apricots that are tolerant to PPV from the start of May to the end of August and, additionally, all of these varieties have a very important point in common: they are self-fertilising, they don’t need matching and this gives rise to a production that is more reliable,” Buffat comments.
Finally, PSB is working on some very important research lines in flat peaches and flat nectarines, with almost complete pistil closure.
The new developments include a range with white flesh and almost 100% pistil closure and high productivity and an almost perfect flavour: Zodiac (early season UFO R2 at the start of the season), 5706-75 (UFO R3 season with great potential and 100% closure), Contessa (after UFO4, with very good flavour), Babylone (Galaxy season with good potential, impressive size and almost 100% closure) and Filoe (season + 4 days Sweetcap, very important production potential and a phenomenal closure).
With respect to apricots, it is a self-fertilising range, tolerant to PPV and with a very good flavour: Néstor (start of the season and coloured), Domino (8 days Flopria), Flopria (a reference at the end of May and early June), Bolero (from the Red Premium range, 100% red, sweet, from mid to end of June), Nelson (from mid-July, with a spectacular size and very sweet), Madrigal (from the end of July to the beginning of August, it is a reference due to its flavour and firmness) and Agostino (mid-August to the end of the month, with a phenomenal taste and a very good colour for the dates).
The flat nectarine range is being completed with a completely innovative fruit, with some organoleptic and firmness criteria that are fundamental for PSB. The first variety is the 5544-58 (white flesh, at the beginning of May, with very good closure and excellent flavour). This is followed by AC497-14 (yellow flesh, end of June and spectacular closure), AC459-25 (white flesh, Garcica season), BP171-5 (yellow flesh, in August), BP171-22 (white flesh, from mid-August), BP170-34 (white flesh, from the beginning of August) and CN239-49NPB (white flesh, slightly acidic and perfect closure, a variety revolution and premium innovation).
A range of low-chilling plums is about to be launched, with very little need for cold, such as the variety Apolina (lilac colour, orange flesh, 14º Brix, from the beginning of May in southern Spain). PSB intends to replace the old plum varieties from the months of July and particularly, August.
In this fruit category, we differentiate between the two types: yellow-fleshed nectarines, with 5 varieties that share the same characteristics: high Brix, firmness, large size and good colour and they are 100% slightly acidic. These nectarines are: Copacabana and Caracas as new developments in 2020, and Atanais, Clariss and Kinoba.
Regarding white-fleshed varieties, this year’s new developments are Altamira, TN272-23 and Amapola. The company already worked with Boreal and Tiffany.